Nationalism Industrialization and Imperialism
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Table of Contents

Nationalism
Industrialization
Imperialism


  • Define Nationalism and give examples of Nationalist movements
Putting your nation before other. Having loyalty and pride in your nation. Napoleon Bonaparte confirmed liberal gains, he reduced the parliament
  • Describe the character and scale of industrialization
1750 Western Europe consisted of mainly monarchies. By 1914 many monarchies had been overthrown based on voting systems. By 1914 USA had increasing mark on the economy and politics.
  • Explain the main effects of the Industrial revolution - Social, Poltical, Economic Cultural, and Technological
The population of cites were growing. There was the printing press, cotton textiles, stock investment, and trading units. The social and economic views improved.
  • Describe the connection between Industrialization and Imperialism
Industrialization are the changes in the economy of western nation, rapid population, increase agriculture. Imperialism is the growth of the nation
  • Analyze British Imperialism in India and Africa
The cities in the Indian coast became administrative centers of the three presidencies that eventually made the bulk of territory the British ruled directly in India. Britains largest and most powerful land forces were the armies recruited from the Indian peoples.

Nationalism

As revolutions swept through the Atlantic in the late 18th and early 19th centuries people came to identify themselves as part of a community called a nation.

1. Complete the who, what, when, where, why analysis of the Treaty of Westphalia

Treaty of Westphalia
  • Who?- Germany, Switzerland, France, Spain
  • What- agreed to territorial tolerance concept, some states chose one religions other chose another
  • When?-1648
  • Where?- Europe
  • Why?- It ended the Thirty Years War, settled the rebellion of the protestant nerve lands against Spain, giving the former its full independence
**Sovereignty - defined borders, quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area, such as a territory. Ex. Canadians can’t come in America and rule them. Americans can only rule the US

2. Define nationalism in your own words: Putting your nation before others. Having loyalty and pride in/for your nation.
-Unification is to make a nation one
-Napoleon created a new group during the French Revolution. Napoleon pushed for France on the idea of nationalism.

Take notes on the following. Make sure you connect the events back to nationalism.


  • Unification of Italy- Introduced civil service examinations to test the applicants on the basis of talent rather than on connections or birth. Schooling expanded, promoted literacy, Freedoms were protected , transformismo 1870, attation to socialism. Social question, constitutional issues that replaced social issues.. Prime Minster Camillio di Cavour of Piedmont-Sardinia favored unification as a federal states under Peidmontese monarchy. Mazzini favored unification under democratic republic. Unification of Italy happened b/w 1859-1870

  • Unification of Germany -1866 Prussia emerged as a supreme power- they want success..In Prussia, Otto von Bismarck was the leader during the 1680's. He was mainly interested in strengthening Prussia, he embraced nationalism. Prussia had a union of 22 states called the North German Confederation in 1866 after defeating Austria. The Germans defeated France in the France-Prussian War

  • Zionism - the national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland , regained their land Palestine Uganda Argentina ..diasopra of jews- spread of a given heritage around the world ..lord balfour promised Zionist leaders in 1917 that his government would promote the establishment of jewish homeland in Palestine after the war.

  • Brazilian Independence - by the 18th centruy, Brazil had grown population and economic importance. european demand for colonial products such as sugar, cotton and cacao. independence in minas gerias in 1788. the napoleonic invasions provoked an outcome in Portugal different from that in Spain. Dom Joao VI lived in brazil and ruled the empire. Printing press began. He left his son pedro as regent, warning him that if independence came. He declared Brazilian indepenace in 1822, he became Dom Pedro I.

  • Monroe Doctrine - American declaration stated in 1823 by President Monroe in which Europeans countries establishing that any attempt of a European country to colonize them would be an unfriendly thing.

  • Argentine Republic - liberal presidents that paralleled a reform in Mexico. It is a unified nation after a considerable fighting in 1862 and a new constitution is issued. provinces of the rio de la plata declared their independence in 1816. Liberal reforms included freedom of religion. Centralists were called Unitarians. After a decade of political turmoil, opponents compromised and created a unified republic.

  • Balkan Nationalism - The Austrians pushed the northern Balkans, they challenged the rulers in 1908. Led to the Austria assassination of the archduke Ferdinand. They won independence from the Ottoman empire, the Turkish declined a local nationalism rose

Uni3. Summarize the global impact of nationalism (limit to 200 words/ 1/2 page)
Nations wanted freedom, liberty and governemnt protection.
Nationism is putting your nation before others. Having loyalty and pride in/for your nation. It is to make a nation one (unification.) The Unification of Italy introduced civil service examinations to test the applicants on the basis of talent rather than on connections or birth. They expanded schooling and promoted literacy. Unification of Germany happened in 1866, Prussia. Prussia emerged as a supreme power, all they wanted was success. Otto von Bismarck was the leader of Prussia he embraced nationalism. Zionism is the national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland (diaspora of jews- spread of a given heritage around the world). Brazilian Independence happened by the 18th century, Brazil had grown population and economic importance. The European demand for colonial products such as sugar, cotton and cacao. The Monroe Doctrine was a American declaration stated in 1823 by President Monroe in which Europeans countries establishing that any attempt of a European country to colonize them would be an unfriendly thing. The Argentine Republic had liberal reforms like freedom of religion.

Industrialization


4. Look at the data below and answer the questions that follow

Index Numbers of World Trade (Volume of trade in selected years compared to 1913)
Year
Index Number
1850
10
1870
24
1895
48
1901
67
1911
96
1913
100
Iron Production (1000's Metric Tons)

1830
1850
1913
Britain
700
2,716
9,792
France
244
1,262
4,626
Russia
167
231
3,870
Germany
111
246
14,836
Years of Life Expectancy at Birth
Country
Year: 1820
Year: 1900
Britain
40
50
Average,rest of Western Europe
36
46
United States
39
47
Japan
34
44
Russia
28
32
Average, all Latin America
27
32
Average, all Asia
23
24
Average all Africa
23
24
  • Which of the data sets above do you think is the most significant? Why?
I think all of the data seems significant. All three of them, the world trade, iron production, and population show how the nations are more industrialized. In the first set of data, it shows the world trade increased. The second set of data, it shows only that Europe increased in iron production. The third data set shows how industrialization effected the life span of people..
  • Taken together what do these data sets tell us?
That all the nations are becoming industrialized; increased volume of world trade, iron/metal production increased, industrialization led to a greater/longer life span.

5. Read the following and answer the questions below
Industrial Revolution Introduction.pdf
  • What was the Industrial revolution?
A revolution in production, transporting and communication began in Britain. Improvements of food production, rise of population and increase demand of cotton and textiles.
  • What was its origins?
England in the late eighteen century, it began with the use of coal, steam and iron as areas of change, the Enlightenment ideas, improvements in/on food production, a rapid rise in population, and an increasing demand for cotton textile and iron.

  • What were its major effects?
Money and power, more jobs, the government controlling the economy. Health and education improvement.-colonialism and nationalism ->many enlightenment changes.
--It increased spread and mobility, reducing time and number of people.
Rapid population growth
Working class women and people of raw commodities countries gained new opportunities but were exploited.

6. Now referring to your textbook create a chart or mindmap of the effects of Industrialization. You must include the following
  • Gender roles/issues
  • Family Structures
  • Social Structures
  • Extension of voting rights (chartist movement)
  • Mass leisure culture
  • Romanticism
  • Socialism
  • Communism


Capture.PNG


Imperialism

7. Examine the map below and the data that follows - What do they show us?
british_empire.png
british_empire.png


Extent of Colonial Control

Great Britain
France
Belgium
Netherlands
Germany (1914)
Area in Square Miles
94,000
212,600
11,800
13,200
210,000
Population
45,500,100
42,000,000
8,300,000
8.500,000
67,500,000
Area of Colonies
13,100,000
4,300,000
940,000
790,000
1,100,000
Population of Colonies
470,000,000
65,000,000
13,000,000
66,000,000
13,000,000

SOURCE: Mary Evelyn Townsend, European Colonial Expansion Since 1871 (Chicago: J.P. Lippincott Company, 1941), p. 19


Percentage of Territories Belonging to the European/US Colonial Powers
(1900)

Percentage Controlled

Africa
90.4%
Polynesia
98.9%
Asia
56.5%
Australia
100.0%
Americas
27.2%
SOURCE: A. Supan, Die territoriale Entwicklung der Euroaischen Kolonien (Gotha, 1906), p. 254


8. Define Imperialism in your own words:
Expanding ones nation/state, so they can get more territory. In order to do this they need to have a strong military, land and sea.

What were the motivations for Imperialism?
Economic growth/values, military/navy, dedsire to make people like you, nationism

While many countries, including but not limited to France, Germany, Belgium, and the United Nations, engaged in Imperialist activity; Great Britain is known above all as the best example of a true imperialist nation. We will examine the actions of Great Britain to gain a better understanding of the nature, extent and effects of Imperialism.

10. Before note-taking, look for the following key terms (not in the glossary!) and define them in your own words.


  • The British East India Company- trading company, modifed trade in the east indies becasue the brisitsh wanted to monpolize the area.
  • Sepoys- the rise of british as a land power in India resembled the Dutch capture of Java. The British agents of the company in India meddled in disputes and conflicts b/w local princes. The british adapted a practice found by the French but relied alot on indian troops called sepoys. Sepoys were recruited from people throughout the subcontinent.
  • British Raj- There were colonial conquest in inida and java as well as between the global repercussion of each. In contrast to Dutch the rise of British Raj owed much to the fierce global betweeen the british and the french
  • Partition of Africa/ Berlin Conference
  • Settlement Colonies- were the second major type of european overseas possession, but within this type there were different patterns of euopeans occupations and indigenous response .
  • White Dominions- one pattern was exhibed by colonies such as canada and australia, which the british labed white dominions. they accounted for good portion of the land area but oolny a tiny minority of the population of britians global empire.
  • Cecil Rhodes- for more than a decade, the boers managed to keep free of british out of their affairs. but when diamonds were discovered in the orange free state in 1867, british entrpreneurs, including cecil rhodes and prospectors began to move, and tensions b/w the boers and the british
  • James Cook- hawilli was effectiely opened to the west through the voyages of james cook from 1777 to 1779. he was first welcomed as a god mainly becasue he had the good luck to land during a sacred period when war was forbidden. cook died as hawiaiin warriors tried to talk over his ship for its metal nails.


11. Now go through your book and complete the graphic organizer below
Country
How Britain gained control - steps to conquest
Actions taken by Britain when in control/ power
Effects/ Reactions
India (note this will be more notes than the following two nations.)
The british captured Java. The british adopted a practice by the frecnch it relied on sepoys, indian troops. British Raj, There were colonial conquest in inida and java as well as between the global repercussion of each. In contrast to Dutch the rise of British Raj owed much to the fierce global betweeen the british and the french.
The battle of Plassey in 1757- 3000 british troops defeated 50000 indian troops
after the plassey , the british officals of the east indian company repeatedly wnet to war with indian princes.
presidencies, madras, bombey and calcutta.
indian prices con. to have fear and fight
South Africa
The initial dutch colony at Cape Town was established to provide a way station where Dutch merchants ships could take on water and food. The boers or farmers in south Africa began to move into different regions. When the British lords cam in south Africa it made major changes b/w Boers and indigenous people.
The British captured Cape Town, when Holland was run over by France thus making colonies subject to the British.
British interference drove a handful of Boers to open a rebellion; it drove many remaining boers out of Cape Colony
New Zealand
The arrival of the British famers were in search of new land, the British claimed the islands as part of their global empire.
The british had military but Maori fought back.
Maori did not want them in New Zealand, he tried everything to get them out.

12. Write a 1/2 - 1 page summary where you explain the connections between Nationalism, Industrialization and Imperialism

Nationalism is putting your nation before others. Having loyalty and pride in/for your nation. It is to make a nation one (unification.) Imperialism is expanding ones nation/state, so they can get more territory. In order to do this they need to have a strong military, land and sea. Industrialization is gaining money and power, more jobs, the government controlling the economy. And also health and education improvement. Industrialization increased spread and mobility, reducing time and number of people. Also had rapid population growth and working class women and people of raw commodities countries gained new opportunities but were exploited. First comes nationalism because the nation needs to feel strong about itself. This led to a state of perfect government in which people are happy, satisfied and capable of working. After this the people how work are begin to pursue industrialism. Industrial drives the economy forward which allows for new advancements and technologies and higher benefits for society. This as a whole leads to imperialism. Imperialism takes benefit of the pride of the people and economic power of the nation. So the boosted economy allows a stronger/better navy/army while the nationist have a driving force so making others make more like them.